Company Registration in Italy

Italy is currently one of the most important countries in the European Union. Its good geographical position gives investors easy access to southern, central and northern Europe markets as well as to the ports of the Mediterranean. Many businesses that start in Italy are involved in trading or import and export activities

Italy is the birthplace of some of the most iconic and luxurious brands in the world and, while some business fields are clearly more favored than others, the country has an open policy towards foreign investments of all kinds. Some of the most important foreign investment sectors include tourism, the food industry, agriculture, manufacturing or the real estate sector.

The Italian government also provides certain incentives for foreign companies that invest a certain amount in the country or choose to base their business in certain selected locations.

  • How to open a company in Italy?

Our company registration agents in Italy can assist you throughout the company incorporation procedure. The first step for company formation in Italy is preparing and drafting the necessary company documents, such as:

  1. the articles of association,
  2. specimen signatures form the company directors,
  3.  affidavits,

You will also need to open a bank account for the company, where the minimum required share capital will be deposited.

The business start-up costs can vary according to the type of company and the materials and equipment required for your specific business activity. Your company will also need an accountant that will make sure you comply with the requirements for accountancy in Italy.


  • Types of companies in Italy

There are several types of legal entities available for those interested in company formation in Italy:

  1.  the limited liability company, which can be traditional of simplified limited liability companies;
  2. the joint-stock company, also known as public limited liability companies;
  3.  the general partnership, which must have at least 2 members called partners;
  4.  the limited partnership, which must be formed by a general and a limited partner;
  5.  cooperative, which is not exactly a type of company, but more of an organization employed by those who want to operate in the agricultural industry;
  6.  sole proprietorship, which is the simplest form of doing business in Italy.


The limited liability company is a business type preferred by investors who want to start a small or medium scale business. This is the most popular business form in Italy. The new company registered in Italy will be managed by a director or a board of directors who will follow the company’s articles of association. The financial issues will be managed by statutory auditors and the representatives in charge with financial business will keep a list of financial statements and balances.

The joint stock company is chosen by those investors who want to run a large business. The minimum share capital for this legal entity is 50.000 EUR and at least a quarter of this amount must be paid upon incorporation. The joint stock company is managed by a director or a board of directors. The shareholder’s liability is limited to the number of contributions made to the share capital.

  • Business forms available for foreign companies in Italy

Foreign companies are encouraged for doing company formation in Italy by registering one of the following types of structures:

  1. branch offices which are legal entities depending entirely on the parent company;
  2. light branch offices which can only be found in Italy and which allows for certain activities;
  3. subsidiaries which are independent entities can which can be created as limited liability companies;
  4. representative offices which are not legal entities but can help foreign companies determine if the Italian market is suitable for them.


  • Documents needed for company formation in Italy

Both local and foreign investors need to consider the preparation of the following documents for company formation in Italy:

  1. their personal information is required – the ID or passport are the main documents needed;
  2. in the case of foreign companies, the Certificate of Registration and the incorporation documents are also required;
  3.   the Italian company’s establishment documents are needed – these will be drafted by an Italian public notary;
  4. depending on the type of company, other documents could be required.


  • The company incorporation procedure in Italy

The company incorporation procedure in Italy is not very difficult and is similar to those in other countries. An application for registering the company must be made at the Italian Trade Register and, after the application is processed, a registration certificate is issued for your new company. 

Another obligation for the foreign investor in company formation in Italy is to execute a public deed of incorporation at the notary office, buy the corporate and accounting books and pay a government grant tax.

The investor must also submit an application to the Register of Enterprises in order to obtain a tax identification number and a VAT number. The company must also be registered with the Social Security Administration. In order to hire employees in Italy, an entrepreneur will need to observe the provisions of the Labor Law and announce the employment to the Labor Office.


  • Opening a company bank account in Italy

One of the most important aspects of opening a company in Italy is related to the establishment of a corporate bank account. This account is needed for depositing the share capital and for conducting commercial activities.

Opening a corporate bank account in Italy implies:

  1. submitting the company’s incorporation documents with the chosen bank;
  2. completing the necessary paperwork issued by the Italian bank;
  3. appointing a company representative who will keep in touch with the bank;
  4. choose the services which best suit the need of the Italian company.

Apart from the company bank account, a business can also create merchant accounts for accepting online payments. These types of accounts are mostly used by e-commerce companies, such as online stores, in Italy.